6.3.1. Commercial fishermen working certain parts of the Alla ntic Ocea n sometimes find their efforts being hindered by the presence of whales. Ideally, they would like to scare away the whales without frightening the fish. One of the strategies being experimen ted with is to transmit u nderwater the sounds of a killer whale. On the 52 occasions that technique has been tried, it worked 24 times (that is, the whales immediately left the area). Experience has shown, though, that 40% of all whales s.igh1.ed near fishing boats leave of their own accord, anyway, probably just Lo get away from the noise of the boat
(a) Let p = P(whaleleaves area after hearing soundsof killer whale). Test Ho: p = 0.40
versus H1: p > 0.40 at the a = 0.05 level of significance. Can it be argued on the basis of these data that transmitting underwater predator sounds is an effective technique for clearing fishing waters of unwanted whales? ,
(b) Calcula te the P-value for these data. For what values of a would Ho be rejected ?
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